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2012年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试真题及解析
 
出自:继教网  发布时间:2012年11月11日

 

同等学力人员申请硕士学位外国语(英语)水平全国统一考试2012年真题
         Paper One 试卷
             (90minutes)  
PartⅠ Dialogue Communication (10 minutes, 10 points, 1 for each)
Section A Dialogue Completion
Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

1. A: Frank,where are the cookies? Don't tell me you ate them all!
  B: _______They were so good.
A. Yesforget it.    B. Yes I couldn't help it.
C. NoI'm sorry.    D. No don't be mad
 2. A: The train is delayed again.
  B: _____How long do we have to wait?
  A: About forty minutes.
A. What a pity!    
B. How annoying!
C. I'm sorry to hear that.
D. So far so good.
 3. A: When Lisa saw me at the mallshe didn't even say hello to me.
 B: I can’t understand why______.  I thought you were good friends.
A. you greeted her first
B.  B. she was also there at the time
C. she gave you the cold shoulder
D. you should have cared
 4. A: I used to make delicious pies, but this one tastes terrible.
 B: I think you're really      .
A. out of date
B. out of touch
C. out of hand
D. out of practice
 5. A: Dr. Smith, what's wrong with my father?
  B: Well, ______ considering his advanced age.
A. he's in pretty good shape          
B. B. don't ask me such a question
C. I have no idea                  
D. I have nothing to say for the moment
 
Section B   Dialogue Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short conversations between a man and a woman. At the end of each conversation there is a question followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to the question from the 4 choices by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
6. Woman: Bob if you weed the gardenI'll do the dishes.
  Man: It's a deal.
  Question: What does the man mean?
A. He agrees to the proposal. B. He rejects the idea.
C. He thinks it's unfair.  D. He stands to gain.
 7. Woman: Can I go skiing with you and your fiends this weekend?
 Man: The morethe merrier.
 Question: what does the man mean?
A. There are already too many people.
B. He can't promise the woman now.
C. The woman is welcome to join them.
D. The woman can come next time.
 8. Man: This suitcase cost me 200 dollars.
 Woman: 200 dollars for a piece of junk like that? That’s a rip-off!
 Question: What does the woman mean?
A. It's a bit expensive.            B. It's a real bargain.
C. It's not worth the price.          D: It's unexpected.
 9. Woman: The house seems in a bad shape.
 Man: Yes, we've decided to rebuild it from scratch……
 Question: What would the man probably do-to the house?
A. He would scratch the paint off its surface.
B. He would tear it down first.
C. He would make some repairs.
D. He would rebuild it by himself.
 10.Ted: I ate four hamburgers Mom.
   Mother: Wellyou've made a pig of yourself.
   Question: What do we learn from the conversation?
A. Pigs love hamburgers too.        B. Ted looks overweight.
C. The hamburgers were delicious.    D. Ted ate too many hamburgers.
 
Part II Vocabulary (20 minutes, 10 points, 0.5 for each) 
Section A
Directions:In this section, there are 10 sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
11. In his closing remarks the chairman expressed his thanks to all those who had contributed to the success of the conference.
A. comments   B. speech   C. criticism    D lecture
 12. Both Tom and his brother take after their father not only in appearance but also in character.
A. comments    B. speech    C. criticism    D. lecture
 13. The hurricane was incredibly devastating and left thousands homeless.
A. forceful    B .memorize   C .protect    D. observe
 14. Readers are required to comply with the rules of the library and mind their manners.
A. evaluate      B. memorize   C. protect   D. observe
 15. Economic factors aside, the imbalanced distribution of educational resources also affects fairness of education.
A .unjust     B .impartial     C. protect     D. observe
 16. Watching me pulling the calf awkwardly to the barn, the Irish milkmaid fought hard to hold back her laughter.
A. check     B. keep       C. stop       D. retain
 17. The government has called for an independent inquiry into the incident.
A. requirement    B. examination   C. analysis   D. investigation
 18. A great number of houses would have to be removed to make way for the new amusement park.
A. take the place of    B .give space for   C. build up   D. work out
 19. Drug use accounts for approximately three-quarters of all reported cased of HIV in the country.
A. possibly       B .roughly      C .generally     D. contained
 20 .For their own safety, household pets should be confined to their own yard.
A. tamed        B. regained       C. restricted     D .contained
 
Section B
Directions: In this section, there are 10 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
21. By a strange_______, both candidates have come up with the same solution to the problem.
A. coincidence    B. Encounter     C. chance        D. overlap
22. The discussion was so prolonged and exhausting that ______the speakers stopped for refreshments.
A. at large        B .at intervals    C. at ease    D. at random
 23. Mr Tunick filed suit against the New York police department after city officials________ his request.
A. turned down   B. turned in   C. turned off   D. turned out
 24. The fire man had a _______escape when a staircase collapsed beneath his feet.
A. Close     B. Narrow      C. hard       D. near
 25. Many painters, rock singers, and dancers have distinct hair style, ________to their group.
A. particular     B. essential    C. special     D. peculiar
 26. That he brought the company big profits wouldn't ______ putting the company's money into his own pockets.
A. justify        B. clarify     C. testify   D. amplify
 27. We’re _______50 new staff this year as business grows.
A. taking over    B. taking in    C. taking on   D. taking up
 28. Is the theory of evolution direct _____ with religious teachings, or does it leave room for debate?
A .comparison   B. distinction   C. disturbance   D. contradiction
 29. Libraies are an investment for the future and should not be allowed to fall into______.
A. dissolution     B. decay     C. decline     D. depression
 30. A transplant operation is successful only doctors can prevent the body form rejecting the ______ organ.
A. borrowed     B. strange    C. novel       D. foreign
 
Part III  Reading Comprehension (45 minutes, 30 points, 1 for each)
Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 6 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
Passage One
A 10-year-old boy decided to study judo(柔道) despite the fact that he had lost his left arm in a terrible car accident. The boy began lessons with an old Japanese judo masterand he was doing well. But he couldn't understand whyafter three months of trainingthe master had taught him only one move.
"Sir" the boy finally said"shouldn't I be learning more moves?"
“This the only move you knowbut this is the only move you'll ever need to know" the master replied.
Not quite understandingbut believing in his teacherthe boy kept training.
Several months laterthe master took the boy to his first tournament(锦标赛).
Surprising himselfthe boy easily won his first two matches. The third match
proved to be more difficultbut after some time his opponent became impatient and charged; the boy skillfully used his one move to win the match. Still amazed by his success the boy was now in the finals.
This timehis opponent was biggerstrongerand more experienced. For a whilethe boy appeared to be overmatched. Concerned that the boy might get hurt, the referee alled a time-out, He was about to stop the match when the judo master intervened.
"No," the judo master insisted"Let him continue."
Soon after the match resumedhis opponent made a critical mistake: he dropped his guard. Instantlythe boy used his move to pin him. The boy had won the match and the tournament. He was the champion.
On the way homethe boy and his judo master reviewed every move in each and every match. Then the boy summoned the courage to ask what was really on his mind.
"Sirhow did I win the tournament with only one move?"
"You won for two reasons," the master answered.
"Firstyou've almost mastered one of the most difficult throws in all of judo. Secondthe only known defense for that move is for your opponent to grab your left arm.”
 
31Why did the boy want to learn judo?
A. He wanted to get over the accident.
B. He wanted to make up for his disability.
C. He wanted to exercise his right arm.
D. The reason was not mentioned in the passage
 32. When a referee calls a "time-out”________.
A. the time has run out
B. the game stops for a short time
C. either side can claim victory
D. the game ends in a tie
 33. Why did the master insist on continuing the match? ________.
A. He didn't want to give the opponent an advantage.
B. The boy was confident of winning.
C. He had confidence in the boy's skill.
D. All he cared about was winning the final.
 34. What probably caused the defeat of the boy's opponent in the final? _______.
A. Over-confidence.             B. Impatience.
C. Inexperience.                   D.  Exhaustion.
 35. Why did the master teach the boy only that one move?
A. The boy could not do other moves with only one arm.
B. It was the only move the master knew well.
C. It was the move his opponent would not be good at.
D. His opponent would be helpless once he made that move.
 36. What does the passage mainly tell us
A. One can turn a weakness into an advantage.
B. It is very difficult to have a good teacher.
C. Even a disabled person can win a match.
D.  Practice makes perfect.
 
Passage Two
My five-year-old daughter knew exactly what she wanted for Christmas of 1977, and told me so. Yesshe still would like the pink-and-green plastic umbrellabookslong nightgownslippers-fine. But reallythere was only one thing that mattered: a Barbie Townhouse, with all the accessories.
This was a surprise. Rebecca was not a Barbie girlpreferred stuffed animals to dollsand wasn't drawn to play in a structured environment. Always a make-up-the-rules design-my-own-world do-it-my-way kid. MaybeI thoughtthe point wasn't Barbie but the housewhich she could claimfor herselfsince we’d  already moved five times during her brief life.
Next dayI stopped at the mall. The huge Barbie Townhouse box was there. "3 Floors of High-Styled Fun! Elevator Can Stop on All Floors!" Some Assembly Required. Uh-oh. My track record for assembling things was miserable. Brooklyn-bornI was raised in apartment buildings in a family that didn't build things. A few years earlierI'd spent one week assembling a six-foot-tall jungle gym from a kit containing so many parts. I spent the first four hours sorting and the last two hours trying to figure out why there were so many pieces. The day after I finished building it as if to remind me of my limitationsa tornado(龙卷风) touched down close enough to scatter the jungle gym across an acre of field.
I assembled the Barbie Townhouse on Christmas Eve. Making it level keeping the columns from looking like they'd melted and been refrozen and getting that elevator to work were almost more than I could manage. And building it in curse-free silence so my daughter would continue sleeping--ifin factshe was sleeping-added a layer of challenge . By dawn I was done.
Shortly thereaftermy daughter walked into the living room. Her surprise may not be real but her delight was utterly genuine and moves me. to this day34 years later. Rebecca had spurred me to do something. I didn't think I could do. It was for herandlike so much of the privilege of being her farther--it brought me further outside myself and let me overcome doubts about me capacities .
 
37. In the author’s eyes, his little daughter was_______
A. obedient                   B. unstable
C. original                    D. stubborn
 38. The author thought that his daughter’s choice of the Barbie Townhouse ________.
A. was natural for a five-year-old girl
B. was influenced by her life experience
C. reflected the change in her taste
D. brought her back normal
 39. For the authorassembling things_______.
A. was largely in his blood    B. was a challenge he enjoyed
C. was always his weak point   D. was part of his family education
 40. Assembling the Barbie Townhouse_______.
A. brought out the author's potentials
B. turned out to be easier than expected
C. actually drove the author crazy
D. was a bad memory for the author
 41. In the last paragraph the author mainly expressed______.
A. his pride in being a father        
B. B. his gratitude to his daughter
C. his concern about his capability    
D. his delight in helping his daughter
 42. What can be learned about the relationship between the author and his daughter?
A. They are on good terms with each other.
B. They barely speak to each other.
C. They are polite but cold to each other.
D. They keep secrets from each other.
 
Passage Three
It is all very well to blame traffic jam, the cost of petrol and the fast pace of modem life, but manners on the roads are becoming deplorable. Everybody knows that the nicest men become monsters behind the wheel. It is all very well, again , to have a tiger in the tankbut to have one in the driver's seat is another matter. You might tolerate the odd road-hog(占道者)but nowadays the well-mannered motorist is the exception to the rule. Perhaps the situation calls for a "Be Kind to Other Drivers" campaign otherwise it may get completely out of hand.
Road courtesy is not only good mannersbut good sense too. It takes the most good-tempered of drivers to resist the temptation to hit back when subjected to uncivilized behavior. A friendly nod or a wave of acknowledgement in response to an act of courtesy helps to create an atmosphere of goodwill and tolerance so necessary in modem traffic conditions. But such acknowledgements of courtesy are all too rare today. Many drivers nowadays don't even seem able to recognize courtesy when they see it.
Contrary to general opinionyoung drivers have better manners than their seniors. But this is short-lived in the world of modern driving where many drivers neither expect nor give any mercy. This may be encouraged on the battlefield but is out of place on the roads.
Lorry drivers say they have almost abandoned the practice of signaling cars to overtake when the road is clear, because many of the cars took too long to pass. They couldn't be bothered to select a lower gear. The car drivers, after overtaking, slowed down again and hogged the road. Again, a motoring magazine has recently drawn attention to the increasing number of drivers who never wait for gaps.
" They manufacture them by forceusing their direction indicators as a threat rather than a warning." Punch-ups(打群架) are quite common. It can't be long before we hear of pistols and knives being used.
Driving is essentially a state of mind. However technically skilled a driver may behe can't be an advanced motorist if he is always arrogant and aggressive.
 
43. The author is most concerned about________.
A. traffic jam
B. road manners
C. fast pace of life  
D. high cost of petrol
 44.  The word "deplorable" (Para. 1) most probably means ________.
A. more serious             
B. more tempting
C. disturbing                
D. noticeable
 45. What is the main idea of Paragraph 2? ________.
A. Many drivers tend to fight back against rude behaviors.
B. A little courtesy may help ease the tensions on the road.
C. Goodwill and tolerance may help relieve traffic jam.
D. Many drivers nowadays lack a good sense of courtesy.
 46. It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that ________.
A. young drivers are more aggressive
B. young drivers would soon lose their good manners
C. elder drivers are more cautious
D. elder drivers should improve their driving skills
 47. An example of good manners on the roads is_______.      
A. signaling cars to overtake   
B. manufacturing a gap
C. selecting a lower gear      
D. using the direction indicator
 48. According to the authora good driver should_______.
A. be technically skilled  
B. have a good state of mind
C. be sympathetic with others  
D. take good care of his vehicle
 
Passage Four
On how the world has changed over the last 50 yearsnot all of it has been good. As you are looking for organic food information, you have obviously become aware that a better alternative exists and you are taking a critical look at the source and production practices of the companies producing the world’s food supplies.
The purpose of organic food information is to give you an understanding of what is going into your food. You will see that there are many benefits to organic food that you didn't know before. The basis behind knowing about organic food information is the fact that farmers are resorting to using artificial fertilizers and pesticides(杀虫剂) to control disease and insect attack in order to produce more crops to satisfy growing demand. These artificial fertilizers leave something poisonous in and on the fruit and vegetables we consume which in turn is absorbed and stored by our bodies.
Even the quality of food has gone down in recent years. Today’s fruits have nowhere near the Vitamin C levels they did at one time. Howeverwith organic food information you learn that organic food has fifty percent more nutrientsminerals and vitamins than any other form of produce that has been grown under intensive farming. If you are eating non-organic produce you will have to eat more fruit in order to make up for this deficiency. But then the dangerous cycle continues since you will be eating more chemicals that are worse for your health than they are good for you.
Another aspect of organic food information is the production of meat and poultry (家禽). Most only consider produce when it comes to organic food information disregarding the antibiotics and hormones that are given to both cattle and poultry that are being force fed. Ask yourself what happens to all these antibiotics and hormones when the animal is killed the remaining of these antibiotics and growth hormones reside in the meat which are then consumed digested and stored in human bodies. There is no way that an animal that isn't kept in healthy conditions can produce healthy food for humans to eat.
You have nothing to lose by trying organic productnot only will it be healthy for you but you will also be able to eat produce and meat the way they are supposed to be. You will likely be so impressed with the taste of organic fruit that you will never return to the mass-produced fruit again. While cost and availability can be a big issue for someyou can do a bit of research online and find a local store that stocks organic produce for a reasonable price.
 
49. It is stated in Paragraph 1 that organic food ________.   
A. is considered as a better choice
B. is mostly supplied by world-famous companies
C. has become popular over the last 50 years
D. reflects the change of production practices
50. Farmers use artificial fertilizers and pesticides to________.
A. satisfy people's critical demand  
B. develop better farming technology
C. get a higher crop yield        
D. keep people in better health
 51. According to Paragraph 3organic food________.           .
A. has gone down in quality                 B. has more nutrients
C. can replace mass-produced food           D. lacks Vitamin C
 52. What does the author say about meat and poultry? ________.
A. Organic meat and poultry is hardly available.
B. A great amount of meat is consumed every year.
C. Merciless killing of the animals lowers their quality.
D. They may contain antibiotics and growth hormones.
 53. In the last paragraph, people are advised to ________.            .
A. eat traditional produce and meat
B. return to mass-produced fruits
C. do the cost and availability research
D. try organic product for better health and taste
 54. This passage is mainly about________.            .
A. the benefits of organic food information
B. the challenges facing the world food industry
C. changes in food production practices
D. a growing demand high quality food
 
Passage Five
 Drinking waste water? The idea may sound distastefulbut new federally funded research says more Americans are doing so-whether they know or not-and this reuse will be increasingly necessary as the U.S. population expands.
Treated wastewater poses no greater health risks than existing water supplies and, in some cases, may be even safer to drinkaccording to a report released by the National Research Council. “We believe water reuse is an option to deal with growing water scarcity, especially in coastal areas”, says Jorg Drewes, an engineering professor at the Colorado School of Mines. "This can be done reliably without putting the public at risk”he saysciting technological advances. He says it's a waste not to reuse the nation's wastewaterbecause almost all of it is treated before discharge. This water includes storm runoff(径流) as well as used water from homesbusinesses and factories.
In many placesthe report saysthe public does not realize it's drinking water that was treated after being discharged as wastewater somewhere upstream. For examplewastewater discharged into the Trinity River from Dallas/Fort Worth flows south into Lake Livingstonthe source for Houston's drinking water.
Despite the growing importance of this reusethe report says there's been no systemic analysis of its extent nationwide since a 1980 study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Alan Roberson of the American Water Works Association says wastewater reuse is common, so the council's report is important but not surprising. Roberson expects this recycling will continue to increaseespecially for irrigation and industrial needs. He says it will take longer to establish potable(适于饮用的) uses because of public nervousness about drinking wastewater, however treated.
“We have to do something to address water scarcity”, says Olga Naidenko, a senior scientist at the non-profit Environmental Working Group. “Less than 10 of potable water is used for drinkingcookingshowering or dishwashing. We flush it down the toiletliterally.” Technologies exist to safely treat the watershe says although some are expensive.
The report says water reuse projects tend to cost morethan most water conservation options but less than seawater desalination(脱盐) and other supply alternatives. It calls on the EPA to develop rules that set safe national standards.
 
55. As can be learned from Paragraph 1, drinking wastewater_______.
A. is to become a growing necessity
B. is well received by the Americans
C. has caused heated public debates
D. has become the dominant option
56. Which of the following statements would Jorg Drewes agree to?_______.
A. Water reuse may eventually put the public at risk.
B. Water reuse is preferable to wasting water.
C. Water reuse is far from a solution to water shortage.
D. Water reuse is possible only after greater tech advances.
57. Lake Livingston is mentioned to show that the public________.
A. accepts the fact of drinking wastewater calmly
B. is concerned about the safety of the drinking water
C. does not believe that wastewater is safe to drink.
D. is not aware of the nature of their drinking water
58. According to Alan Roberson, ________.
A. it is not safe to drink wastewater
B. the report has surprised the public
C. the report helps build up public confidence
D. the public has yet to accept drinking waste water
 59. Olga Naidenko’s remarks emphasize________.
A. the recent progress           B. the existing problems
C. the new perspective          D. the potential risks
 60. What does the report suggest to the EPA?________.
A. Weighing different water conservation options.
B. Exploring new technologies to treat wastewater.
C. Setting up national standards for water reuse.
D. Monitoring water supplies at a national level.
 
Part IV Cloze   (15 minutes, 15 points, 1 for each)
Directions: In this part, there is a passage with 15 blanks. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
Why do kids hate Brussels sprouts(芽甘苦)? Because Brussels sprouts are bitterand kids generally don't like bitter tastes. But it's not their _61 _. Researchers say that a dislike for bitter and sour is a survival instinctsince most toxic substances _62_ that way too. On the other hand sweetness typically indicates that something is _63_ to eat, so children are born with a _64_ for sweets.
What we like to eat changes over time. As we age, we realize that _65 _ something tastes bitter or sourit won't kill usand we learn to _66_ it. When we're olderwe _67_ some of our smell sensitivity .Humans need smell to experience flavor, which is different from taste. With our senses diminishedwe'll probably begin _68_ sugar and salt to our foodto heighten the flavor. _69_, there's a theory that the reason many especially "big"tasting wines in recent years have won awards is that wine critics are getting older and finding subtle flavors _70_ to sense.
If someone is_71_ to detect flavors at allhe may have a taste _72_which can be caused by a tongue injury or brain damage. Or it could be a problem with _73_. The channel that separates the mouth from the nose allows us to smell behind our nose and is _74_ enjoying most complex flavors. That's why food seems _75_ when we have a stuffy nose-except chicken noodle soup. It's so salty.
 

61. A. fault                
B. choice
C. habit
D. regret
62.A. feel            
B. look
C. sound
D. taste
63. A. strange               
B. necessary
C. safe
D. ready
64. A. capacity                      
B. preference
C. awareness
D. consideration
65. A. now that                   
B. in case
C. if only
D. even though
66. A. enjoy                        
B. improve
C. treat
D. alter
67.A. form      
B. lose
C. reduce
D. gain
68. A. putting                             
B. balancing
C. adding
D. limiting
69. A. In essence                       
B. In conclusion
C. In fact
D. In short
70. A. softer                   
B. nicer
C. worse
D. harder
71. A. unlikely                        
B. unable
C. impossible
D. improbable
72. A. disorder                  
B. symptom
C. therapy
D. illusion
73. A. mood             
B. taste
C. flavor
D. smell
74. A. subject to                                
B. liable to
C. crucial for
D. beneficial for
75. A. delicious             
B. flavorless
C. bitter
D. smelly

 
Paper Two
(60 minutes)
Part I Translation (30 minutes, 20 points, 10 for each section)
Section A
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.
 
In many ways the Internet has had a very positive effect on society. It has improved communication ,simplified handling tasks, offered a huge convenience, enabled faster processing ,and provided more options, all of which frees more time to do other things .Yet, interestingly enough ,the Internet has in some ways had negative effects. The quality of communication has declined and people are impatient because they have become accustomed to instant satisfaction, and using the Internet also takes up a lot of time.
 
Section B
Directions:Translate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.
 
乔布斯(Steve Jobs)去世后备受敬仰,原因之一是他创造了科技产品的美感。乔布斯认为无论汽车还是电脑,人们都愿意购买一些比同类产品更为美观的东西。在乔布斯的领导下,从产品外形、材料到使用感受等各个方面,苹果都带来了无与伦比的体验,让人们的生活变得更加美丽。
 
Part II Writing (30 minutes, 15 pints)
Directions: In this part, you are to write within 30 minutes a composition of less than 150 words under the title of “My Favorite Way of Keeping Fit” .Some clues are given below in Chinese. Please write your composition clearly on the COMPOSITION SHEET.
 保持健康有多种做法…… ,我最喜欢的做法是…….
 
 
同等学力人员申请硕士学位外国语(英语)水平全国统一考试2012年英语真题答案及解析
          Key to 2012 English Test
              Paper One
Part I Dialogue Communication (10 points)
Section A
Part 1 Dialogue Communication (15 minutes, 10 points,1 for each)
1. B
解析:speaker A感慨说别告诉我,你把它们都吃了!speaker B对于speaker A的回应的后半句是它们太美味了,可见speaker B没有忍住,确实如speaker A所料将曲奇饼干都吃了,选择B项。选项Aforget it通常表示不介意对方所犯的错,C项的No作为回答反义疑问句表示的是没有全部吃光,与后半句的太好吃了有歧义,D项作为回答不太礼貌。
2. B
解析:通过speaker A说:火车又晚点了我们可以体会出对话者的无奈,又通过speaker B我们要等多久?have to所表示的对客观条件的无可奈何,可见speaker B当时心情很烦躁,所以选择B项。A项和C项都是表示对别人遭遇的同情,而D目前来说很好和题意无关。
3. C
解析:speaker A当我在商场碰到Lisa的时候,她都没跟我打招呼此时,speaker B应该对speaker A所说的内容给予相应的反应,我不能理解她为什么对你这么冷漠,我以为你俩是好朋友呢。选择C项,cold shoulder表示冷淡,冷漠,完全符合题意。其他与speaker B所说内容没有联系。
4. D
解析:speaker A我过去是能做出美味的馅饼的,但是这个有点糟糕根据speaker A所说的内容,speaker B表示这是由于他缺乏练习造成的,选择D项,符合题意。A项表示过时B项表示不再有联系的C项表示失控断然的意思,与题意全不相干,可排除。
5. A
解析:此题是以看医生为情景的题,根据常识很容易排除BCD选项,这些选项都不应该是负责任的医生所应该说的话。将A项放入原文,可以翻译成考虑到他的年纪,身体还算不错的符合逻辑,可以作为选项。
 
Section B
6. A
解析:Its a deal.是成交的意思,表示对话双方达成协议。因此答案选择A项,他同意对方的提议。
7. C
解析:对于Woman想要周末和Man一起去滑雪,Man表示The more the merrier用的是the+比较级,the+比较级的形式,表示…………”因而Man的意思是人越多越好,选择C项,他欢迎女士加入他们的行列。
8. C
解析:从Woman话中的junk垃圾一词可以看出她对这200美元的旅行箱不屑一顾,便很容易推断出答案是C项,“它不值这个价钱”。此外,rip-off也表示“欺骗”“诈骗”的意思,与C项的意思一致。
9. B
解析:from scratch是“从零开始”的意思,也就是说Man的意思是想彻底地重新盖一下房子,因而选择B项,“他首先将把房子推倒”。ACD项都是略微休整一下房子的意思。
10. D
解析:Ted说自己吃了四个汉堡包,对此他的妈妈表示“你把自己变成了小猪了”,因而从这个对话我们可以知道,Ted吃了太多的汉堡包,选择D项。A项“猪也爱吃汉堡包”,B项“Ted看起来超重了”以及C项“汉堡包很美味”都是无中生有,可排除。
 
Part II Vocabulary (10 points)
Section A
11. B
【解析】remark 评论,谈论;comment 评论(尤指批评性评论),意见;speech 演讲,发言;lecture 讲课,报告;故答案选择B项。
【句意】主席在闭幕讲演上,向所有对会议的成功做出贡献的人表达了谢意。
12. A
【解析】take after 像,酷似(尤指像父母或祖先);resemble 与……像;assimilate 消化,吸收;follow 跟随,沿着……路线;reflect 对(光、热、声音等)进行反射;故答案选择A项。
【句意】无论在长相上还是在性格上,汤姆和他的哥哥都跟他们的父亲很像。
13. C
【解析】devastating 破坏性极大的,毁灭性的;forceful 强有力的,有说服力的; mighty 巨大的,强壮的;destructive 有破坏作用的,有害的;dangerous 危险的;故答案选择C项。
【句意】这场飓风的破坏力让人难以置信,使得成千上万的人无家可归。
14. D
【解析】comply with 遵从,顺从; evaluate 评估,评价;memorize 记住,背熟;protect 保护,防护,护卫;observe 认识到,觉察到,遵守,奉行;故答案选择D项。
【句意】读者需要遵循图书馆的规定,也需要注意他们的言行。
15. C
【解析】 imbalance 不平衡,失调;unjust 非正义的,不合理的;impartial 不偏不倚的,无偏见的;uneven 不均等的,不势均力敌的;improper 不合适的,不合规则的;故答案选择C项。
【句意】将经济因素放在一边不说,教育资源的不均衡分配同样也影响了教育中的不公平现象。
16. C
【解析】hold back 克制,阻止;check 检查;keep 保持;stop 使停止,使中断;retain 保留,保持;故答案选择C项。
【句意】看到我笨手笨脚的将小牛拉到棚子里时,这个爱尔兰的女挤奶工努力的忍住不笑。
17. D
【解析】inquiry 调查;requirement 要求,需要;examination 检查,考试;analysis 分析;investigation 调查;故答案选择D项。
【句意】政府要求对这次事故有一次独立的调查。
18. B
【解析】make way for 为……让路;take the place of 代替……的位置;give space for 为……留出空间;build up 增长,增强,增加;work out 算出,解决;故答案选择B项。
【句意】为了给新的娱乐公园留出位置,大量的房屋都要被移走。
19. B
【解析】approximately 大概地,近似地;possibly 也许,可能地;roughly 大致地,粗略地;generally 概括地,笼统地; specificly 明确地,具体地;故答案选择B项。
【句意】这个国家中大约四分之三的被报道的HIV病例都是由药物的使用所致。
20. C
【解析】confine 局限,限制;tame 驯服,驯养;regain 重获,取回restrict 限制,约束;contain 容纳,包含;故答案选择C
【句意】家养宠物需要被局限在自己的院落里以确保他们的安全。
 
Section B
21. A
【解析】by coincidence(事件、情况等)巧合,巧事;encounter 遭遇,碰上(对手、敌人);by chance 偶然,意外地;overlap 与……局部重合;根据句意选择A项。
【句意】一个奇怪的巧合,两个候选人对于这个问题都想出了同样解决方案。
22. B
【解析】at large 总体,整个,无目标地;at intervals 到处,不时;at ease 自在,不紧张,放松;at random 任意地,随意地;根据句意选择B项。
【句意】讨论又长又无聊,致使讨论者们时不时就停下来放松一下情。
23. A
【解析】turn down 拒绝(建议),调低(音量);turn in 上交,完成(任务);turn off 切断(电源等),关闭(开关);turn out 证明是……,结果是……;根据句意选择A项。
【句意】杜尼克先生在他的请求被市政府官员拒绝以后,起诉了纽约警察局。
24. B
【解析】close 近的,靠近的;narrow 余地有限的,紧巴巴的;hard 难以忍受的,艰苦的;near 在附近,在近处;根据句意选择B项。
【句意】当消防员脚下的楼梯坍塌的一刹那,他才险些逃出。
25. D
【解析】particular 个别的,不同寻常的;essential 必需的,精华的;special 特殊的,特别的;peculiar to)特有的,专有的;根据句意选择D项。
【句意】许多画家,摇滚歌手,舞蹈家都有专属他们群体的独特的发型。
26. A
【解析】justify 证明……有道理,证明(某人,某行为)正确;clarify 使清楚明了;testify 说明,证明;amplify 放大,扩大;根据句意选择A项。
【句意】公司不会通过把钱放到他的口袋里来证明他给公司带来巨大的利益是个正确的行为。
27. C
【解析】take over 接受,接管;take in 吸收;take on 开始处理(工作),雇佣(职员);take up 开始对……发生兴趣。根据句意选择C项。
【句意】随着生意的扩大,我们今年雇佣了50位新职员。
28. D
【解析】comparison 比较,对照,相似;distinction 区别,差别;disturbance 滋扰,骚乱;contradiction 反驳,否认,对立(性);根据句意选择D项。
【句意】进化论是和宗教教学直接对立吗?还是仍有一定的探讨空间?
29. C
【解析】dissolution 分解,瓦解;decay 腐烂,腐朽;decline 衰落,衰退;depression 抑郁,消沉;根据句意选择C项。
【句意】图书馆是为了未来的一代而进行的投资,因而它不可以衰落。
30. D
【解析】borrowed借来的;strange 奇怪的;novel新奇的;foreign 不熟悉的,陌生的,不是本身所固有的;根据句意选择D项。
【句意】只有当医生能够阻止身体对新器官产生排异反应的时候,移植手术才可以称作是成功的。
 
Part III Reading Comprehension (30 points)
Passage One
31. D
文中并没有确切的说出男孩想要学习柔道的原因,只在开头说“A 10-year-old boy decided to study judo(柔道) despite the fact that he had lost his left arm in a terrible car accident.”但这并不足以推断出ABC选项。
32. B
time-out”是暂停的意思,因而选择B选项。
33. C
ABD选项都是无中生有。根据文章的最后一段,可知教练明确的判断出男孩会赢,因而选择C项。
34. A
文中第九段说“Soon after the match resumed, his opponent made a critical mistake: he dropped his guard.”可见,男孩对手失败是由于失误造成的,而四个选项中,最有可能产生失误的态度就是over-confidence“过度自信”。因而选择A项。其他选项没有提及。
35. D
根据文中最后一段可知选项D为正确答案。
36. A
根据文中最后,主旨点明了男孩之所以会赢得比赛,恰恰是因为他没有左臂,从而没有给对手击败他的机会,因而选择A项,“一个人可以将劣势转为优势”。B项和D项都不是文章最想表达的,而C项更是无中生有。
 
[参考译文]
 一个十岁的小男孩在一次严重的车祸中失去了他的左臂,尽管是这样,他还是决定学习柔道。这个男孩开始向一位日本的老柔道教练学习,并且做的很好。可让他疑惑的是,在为时三个月的训练中,教练只教给他了一个招式。
男孩终于还是问起来:“老师,我不应该学习更多的招式吗?”
教练回答(reply: answer)说:“这是你唯一知道的招式,不过这也是你唯一需要知道的招式。”
男孩即便不是很理解,但还是信任他的教练,选择继续练习。
几个月后,教练带男孩参加了他的第一场锦标赛。
男孩竟然轻轻松松的赢得了前两场比赛,这使他自己都非常吃惊。第三场比赛相对困难些,但是几个回合之后,他的对手(opponent : anti)变的不耐烦(impatient, can’t wait)了,采取了猛烈的攻势;男孩娴熟的运用了他的招式赢得比赛。男孩进入了决赛,他对于自己的成功也很惊讶(amazed: surprised)
这回,他的对手更大更强,并且拥有更多的比赛经验。开始的时候,男孩似乎要被击败了。裁判员担心男孩受伤,宣布暂停比赛,就在裁判员想要取消比赛的时候,被男孩的教练制止(intervene: interrupt)了。
柔道教练坚持说:“不要取消比赛,让他继续( continue: go on)。”
在比赛重新开始不久,男孩的对手就出现了致命的失误,摔倒在地。与此同时,男孩再次使用他那个招式牢牢地牵制住了对手。男孩赢得了这场比赛,赢得了整个锦标赛,成为了冠军。
在回家的路上,男孩和他的教练一起回顾了每场比赛中的每一个招式,男孩鼓起勇气问了一直萦绕在他脑中的问题。
“老师,我是怎么能够只用一个招式就赢得了锦标赛呢?”
教练回答说:“你能赢得比赛,原因有两个,首先,你几乎完全掌握了柔道中最难的一招;其次,目前为止,唯一可知的击败你那招式的方法,就是要求你的对手抓住你的左臂。”
 
Passage Two
37. C
从第一段“Yes, she still would like the pink-and-green plastic umbrella, books, long nightgown, slippers----fine.”可知,我的女儿是如大多数女孩一样的,因而选择C项。而从第二段的“Always a make-up-the-rules, design-my-own-world, do-it-my-way kid.”可知,选项A不对,B项和D项更是无中生有。
38. B
从第二段的最后一句话判断出正确答案是B项。其他选项都没有提及到。
39. C
从第三段的“My track record for assembling things was miserable. Brooklyn-born, I was raised in apartment buildings in a family that didn’t build things.”可知道C项正确。选项AD可以排除,而B项的“he enjoyed”的角度是错误的。
40. A
从最后一段的最后一句可以判断出A项为正确答案。B项和C项没有提及,D项与作者要表达的意思相反。
41. B
通过最后一段的最后一句话,可以看出,作者很感谢女儿要的这个礼物,这份礼物让他感受到了自己作为父亲的能力,克服了自己的疑虑。因而B选项为正确答案。其他选项都是很表面的表达,并不是作者真正想要表达的内涵。
42. A
从全文来看,女儿向父亲要礼物,父亲用心的为女儿准备礼物,已及准备礼物的过程,看到女儿欣喜的表情时自己的感动,等等一系列的表现,可以的判断出A项为正确答案。
 
[参考译文]
我五岁的女儿非常(exactly: accurately) 清楚自己在1977年的圣诞节想要什么礼物,并且告诉了我。是的,她仍然想要粉绿相间的塑料雨伞,书,长长的睡衣,拖鞋,这些都很好。可是,的确有一件东西有问题(matter: concern),就是一个带着所有有装饰物的芭比小屋。
这确实挺令人惊讶的。丽贝卡不是一个芭比女孩,她喜欢(preferred: prior) 填充动物胜过娃娃,此外,她也不会被框架的环境所吸引,她是一个乐于自己设置规定,自己装饰自己的空间,以自己的方式做事的孩子。我想,也许关键不在芭比,而在于房子,一个她能够宣布属于自己的房子,毕竟我们已经在她短暂的生活当中搬了五次家了。
第二天,我在商场停住了脚步,看到了一个巨大的装有芭比小屋的盒子,上面写着:拥有三层的高层风格乐趣,电梯可以停在任意一层。小屋需要一定的组装,哦,我组装东西的记录非常糟糕。我出生在布鲁克林,生活(raise: bring up)在一个公寓大楼,我的家庭从没有建过什么东西。就在几年前,我花了一个礼拜的时间,将一套零散配件组装成了一个六尺高的攀登架。我头四个小时在分类(spent: took),最后两个小时在试图搞懂为什么有这么多的碎片。在我完成它的第二天,一场龙卷风恰巧袭来,将攀登架吹散的到处都是,可能这就是在提醒我能力的不足吧。
我在平安夜的时候组装了芭比小屋。把小屋弄的平坦,使柱子看起来不像是被溶解然后重铸的样子,以及使电梯运作等一系列的工作都远远超出了我的能力。此外,为了不吵到我女儿睡觉(如果她确实在睡觉的话),要在不能发生故障的安静的环境下将它组装好,又为我增加了一层难度。在黎明的时候,我终于完成了。
我完成组装后不一会,我的女儿就走进了客厅。她惊讶的表情也许不是真的,但她的兴奋确实名副其实的,即使是34年后今天的我仍被触动着。丽贝卡激励我完成了一件我认为我完成不了的任务。这个芭比小屋是她的,但同时,正如作为她父亲的特权一样,它也将我远远地带出了我自己的世界,让我克服(overcome: conquer)了我对自己能力的疑惑。
 
Passage Three
43. B
"It is all very well to blame traffic  jam the cost of petrol and the fast pace of modem life but manners on the roads are becoming deplorable. "以及各段中心大意可知,整篇文章主要讲述了road manners。故答案选B
44. C
A more serious  更严重的;B more tempting 更诱人的; C disturbing令人烦扰的;D noticeable 显而易见的。根据上下文,C选项更符合题意。故答案选C
45. D
"Many drivers nowadays don't even seem able to recognize courtesy when they see it."可知,第二段主要讲述了Many drivers nowadays lack a good sense of courtesy。故答案选D
46. B
"But this is short-lived in the world of modern driving where many drivers neither expect nor give any mercy."可知, young drivers would soon lose their good manners。故答案选B
47. A
"Lorry drivers say they have almost abandoned the practice of signaling cars to overtake when the road is clear, because many of the cars took too long to pass. They couldn't be bothered to select a lower gear. "可知答案为signaling cars to overtake。故答案选A
48. B
"Driving is essentially a state of mind . However technically skilled a driver may behe can't be an advanced motorist if he is always arrogant and aggressive. "可知 a good driver should have a good state of mind。故答案选B
 
[参考译文]
交通堵塞,汽油价格上涨(cost: price),生活的快节奏还算过得去,但道路礼貌却越来越让人不胜其烦(deplorableregretable)。人人都知道,即使最好的人在车轮背后也能变成怪物。坦克里要是有一只老虎那还不算是最糟的,但是要是驾驶座上有老虎的话那完全就是另一回事了。你可能会容忍(tolerateput up with)那些古怪的占道者,但对于今天来说,那些好脾气的机动车主真的是规则中的例外。或许,真的需要呼求“善待其它的司机”了,否则的话,形势就会去控制(out of hand: beyond control)。
文明驾车不仅是良好的举止,也是一件明智的事。礼貌驾驶能让好脾气的司机抵制(resist: reject) 报复不文明行为的诱惑,能减少驾驶过程中的压力。作为对别人礼貌行为的回应,友好的点点头,或者挥挥手表示认可,会有助于创造一种在当今交通环境中非常必要的、善意的和宽容的气氛。然而这样的礼貌示意现在太少了。现在很多司机即使见到礼貌行为也似乎视若不见。
与一般观点相反的是,比起前辈,年轻司机有更良好的行为举止。但这种礼貌在一个司机的开车生涯中是极其短暂的,因为很多司机既不会期待也不会给予同情。这种鼓励在战场上或许可行,但在道路上却是不合适的。
卡车司机说,在道路上车辆较少的时候,他们几乎放弃(abandoned: gave up )了信号超车,因为很多私家车是不乐意让你去超车的。这些私家车主不愿费劲去挂一个低速挡。而当这些车主超车后时,他们就会减速,霸占道路。最近,一本汽车杂志说不愿维持车距的司机数量是越来越多了。他们通过武力来制造车距,指示器更多的是用来挑衅而不是提醒。打群架也变成一件普遍的事,照此发展,没多久刀枪就得上场了。
开车是一种心态。不管司机的开车技术有多娴熟,如果他总是傲慢(arrogant: proud)无礼的话,他就不是一位优秀的车主。
 
Passenge Four
49. A
"As you are looking for organic food information, you have obviously become aware that a better alternative exists "可知organic food is considered as a better choice。故答案选A
50. C
"farmers are resorting to using artificial fertilizers and pesticides(杀虫剂)to control disease and insect attack in order to produce more crops to satisfy growing demand. "可知Farmers use artificial fertilizers and pesticides to get a higher crop yield。故答案选C
51. B
" Howeverwith organic food information you learn that organic food has fifty percent more nutrientsminerals and vitamins than any other form of produce that has been grown under intensive farming. " 可知organic food has more nutrients 。故答案选B
52. D
" the remaining of these antibiotics and growth hormones reside in the meat which are then consumeddigested and stored in human bodies. " 可知Meat and poultry may contain antibiotics and growth hormones。故答案选D
53. D
" You have nothing to lose by trying organic productnot only will it be healthy for you but you will also be able to eat produce and meat the way they are supposed to be. "可知 try organic product for better health and taste。故答案选D
54. A
通过把握全文,可知该篇文章主要讲述了有机食物。故答案选A
 
[参考译文]
世界在过去的五十年里已经发生了变化,但并非所有的变化都是好的。当你在搜寻(look for: search for) 有机食品的信息时,你已经明显的意识到了一个更好的选择(alternative: selective),并且正在用审视的眼光来评判食品供应公司的食品来源和生产实践。
有机食品信息的目的(purpose: goal)是让你理解你所吃的食物的成分。你能够了解你以前所不知道的有机食品的好处。在了解有机食物以前(basis: foundation),你需要了解一个事实,农民靠使用人造肥料和杀虫剂来控制疾病和虫害,以获得更高的产量来满足日益增长的需求。
这些人造(artificial: man-made) 肥料在我们吃的水果和蔬菜内外都留下了有毒物质,这些物质又被我们的身体吸收和储存(store: reserve)。甚至食物的质量近年来也下降了。今天的水果维生素含量也难以达到以前的水平了。然而,有了有机食物信息,你就能了解,有机食物比在密集农业种植下的任何其它农作物多了50%的营养,矿物元素和维他命。如果你吃的是非有机食品, 你就得吃更多水果来弥补这种缺陷。但这种可怕的循环继续的话,你就会吃掉更多的对你的健康有害而非有意的食物。有机食品信息的另一个方面是肉和家禽。大多数人只考虑到产出的肉禽,而忽视了牛和禽类被迫注射的抗生素和激素。问问自己动物被宰杀后,这些抗生素和生长激素到哪去了?它们依旧留在肉里,被我们吃掉,消化掉,然后储存在体内。健康状况不好的动物却能提供健康的食用肉是一件不可能的事。
有机食品不会让你有任何损失,不仅对你健康有益,也能让你吃到没有添加的农产品和肉类。你可能会着迷(be impressed with: be obsessed with)于有机食物的味道,以至于你再也不想尝试那些大批生产的水果了。但对很多人来说,有机食品的价格和供应是个问题,你可以上网做一个调查,以找到一个价格合理(reasonable: logical)的有机食品商店。
 
Passenge Five
55. A
"this reuse will be increasingly necessary as the U.S. population expands."可知 drinking wastewater is to become a growing necessity。故答案选A
56. B
"He says it's a waste not to reuse the nation's wastewater......"可知Water reuse is preferable to wasting water。故答案选B
57. D
"the public does not realize it's drinking water that was treated after being discharged as wastewater somewhere upstream"可知 the public is not aware of the nature of their drinking water。故答案选D
58. D
"He says it will take longer to establish potable(适于饮用的) uses because of public nervousness about drinking wastewater however treated."可知 the public has yet to accept drinking waste water。故答案选D
59. B
"We have to do something to address water scarcity."可知 Olga Naidenko’s remarks emphasize the existing problems。故答案选B
60. C
"It calls on the EPA to develop rules that set safe national standards." 可知The report suggest the EPA Set up national standards for water reuse。故答案选C
 
[参考译文]
喝废水?这个想法听起来可能令人反感(distasteful: disgusting),但新的联邦政府资助的研究说,更多的美国人正在做这件事,不管他们知道与否,这种再利用会随着美国人口的增加越来越有必要。
比起现有的水供应,处理过的废水不会造成更大的健康风险。据美国国家研究委员会的报道称,在某些情况下,处理废水可能喝起来会更加安全。科罗拉多矿业学院的 Jorg Drewes说,“我们相信水的再利用是处理(deal with: do with) 水资源短缺的一个选择,尤其是在沿海地区”。"这对公众不会有风险”。他认为,不再利用废水是一种浪费,因为几乎所有的废水都在排放前处理过。这水包括雨水、径流、、以及家庭、企业和工厂的使用水。
报告说,在很多地方,公众并没有意识(realize: be aware of)他们喝的是上游排弃废水处理后的水。例如,达拉斯/沃斯堡向南流到湖利文斯顿的尼泰河里的废水就是休斯顿的饮用水来源。
尽管水的再利用越来越重要,报告说自从美国环境保护署1980年的研究以来,一直没有在全国范围内做出系统分析。美国自来水厂协会的 Alan Roberson 称污水资源化是常见的(common: general),所以委员会的报告是重要的,并不出人意外。罗伯森预计这种再利用会继续增加,特别是用于灌溉和工业。他说,因为公众对喝处理废水的担忧,建立处理废水饮用系统会花费很长时间。
我们必须做点什么来解决水短缺(scarcityshortage”,非营利环境工作小组的资深科学家 Olga Naidenko说,不到10%的水是用于饮用、烹调、洗澡或洗碗。其余的水我们随便的用来冲厕所。安全处理废水的技术是有的,她说,虽然有些很昂贵的。
报告说水的再利用比大多数节水的选择往往花费更多,但比海水淡(脱盐)和其他供应替代品花费要少。这个报告也要求EPA开发规则设定安全国家标准。
 
Part IV Cloze (15 points)
61. A
解析:根据句意,但这并不是他们的错,故答案选A
62. D
解析:根据句意,研究员说不喜欢酸和苦是一种生存本能,因为大多数有毒物质尝起来都是这个味。。答案应选D
63. C
解析:根据上下文,一方面,孩子们认为,有毒的东西又酸又苦;另一方面,安全的东西很甜。故答案选C
64. B
解析:capacity, 能力;preference for ......偏爱;awareness,意识;consideration, 考虑。根据句意,答案选B
65. D
解析:now that,既然; in case,以防;if only,只要;even though, 尽管。根据句意,尽管有些东西尝起来酸或苦,但对我们并不构成威胁。存在转折关系,故选D
66. A
解析:Enjoy,享受;improve, 改善;treat, 对待;alter改变。根据句意,我们开始学习享受它,故选A
67. B
解析: Form,形成;lose,失去;reduce,减少; gain, 获得。根据句意,失去嗅觉,故选B
68. C
解析:add......to............加入到......根据句意,往我们的食物里加糖和盐,故答案选C           
69. C
解析: in essence,本质上;in conclusion,总之;in fact, 事实上;in short, 简而言之。根据句意,事实上,有理论表明......故答案选C
70. D
解析:根据句意,很难发现微妙的风味,故答案选D
71. B
解析:which can be caused by a tongue injury or brain damage可能由舌损伤或脑损伤引可知是不能够察觉任何气味,故答案选B
72. A
解析:taste disorder 味觉障碍,故选A
73. D
解析:根据句意,或许也可能是嗅觉的问题,故答案选D
74. C
解析: subject to 使服从;crucial for,对…起决定作用的;beneficial for,对......有益的。根据下文,这个通道起决定作用,故答案选C
75. B
解析:根据句意,食物没有味道,故答案选B
 
[参考译文]
为什么小孩讨厌吃芽甘蓝?因为球牙甘蓝是苦的,而孩子不喜欢苦味。但这不是他们的错。研究员说不喜欢酸和苦是一种生存本能,因为大多数有毒物质尝起来都是这个味。另一方面,甜味通常表明食物可以安全使用,所以孩子们天生偏爱甜食。
我们喜欢吃的东西随时间变化而变化。随着我们年龄的增长,我们意识到,尽管有些东西尝起来苦或酸,但并不会杀死我们,我们学着去享受这些东西。当我们更大些后,我们的嗅觉不再那么灵敏。人们需要闻才能感知风味,这与尝是不同的。随着我们感觉的减落 我们可能会往我们的食物里加糖和盐来增加风味。事实上,有理论认为很多味道浓郁的葡萄酒在近年来赢得奖项的理由是因为葡萄酒评论家正在变老,很难发现微妙的风味。
如果有人无法察觉味道的话,他可能会有味觉障碍,这可能是由舌损伤或脑损伤造成的。或者也可能是嗅觉的问题。分开鼻和口的通道使我们能够用鼻后区闻味,这对享受复杂的味道来说是至关重要的。这就是为什么当我们鼻塞的时候感觉食物没有味道。除了鸡汤面,它实在太咸了。
 
Key to 2012 English Test
              Paper Two
 
Part I Translation (20 points)
Section A
[参考译文]
因特网在很多方面对社会有非常积极的影响。它改善了交流方式,简化了任务解决的方法,提供了巨大的便捷,使得处理过程更为快速,同时提供了更多的选择,所有这些都节省出更多的时间来做其他事情。然而,有趣的是,因特网在某些方面却有负面影响。交流质量下降了,人们也变得没有耐心,因为他们习惯了立刻得到满足,而且上网本身也占用了大量时间。
 
Section B
[参考译文]
参考答案一
People pay great homage /respect to Steve Jobs after he passed away. One of the reasons is that he has created the aesthetic perception for scientific and technological products. No matter whether cars or computers, according to Steve Jobs, consumers are willing to buy those products which look more beautiful than their counterparts. With/Under the leadership of Steve Jobs, Apple has brought about the unrivaled experience and beautified people's daily lives in the aspects such as the appearances and materials of products and the feelings of usage.
参考答案二
People pay great homage /respect to Steve Jobs after he passed away. One of the reasons is that he has created the aesthetic perception for scientific and technological products. Steve Jobs holds that consumers are willing to buy those products-whether cars or computers-which look more beautiful than their counterparts. With/Under the leadership of Steve Jobs, Apple has brought about the unrivaled experience and beautified people's daily lives in all aspects from the appearances and materials of products and the feelings of usage.
 
Part II Writing (15 points)
范文
My favorite way of keeping fits
Observations and research findings indicate that people are increasingly concerned about keeping fits. The importance people attach to it and the rapid development of related services are the signs of this.
There are several ways of keeping fits. Dieting should be fundamental to one's health. We are facing more choice than ever before. Therefore, we should be cautious to select the proper foods and to control the reasonable amount. What's more, taking exercise is another essential way. In addition, nobody is exposed to be considered as healthy in mental disorder, so that keeping mental health is also important.
As for me, I am exerting all my strength on keep my fits, by taking reasonable dieting and proper exercise and by remain in good my. In particular, I like jogging, more than four times per week, and approximately five kilometers each time. So, I am in my good shape and look like teenager, although I am in my 30s. Meantime, I like the feeling of accomplishment and happiness after I finish my length. I even like to feel sweat rolling down.